The dark spots on your face (hyper pigmentation) occur when certain places of the skin are darker then surrounding areas. Age spots, freckles, sun spots, acne scars, and other form of discoloration can all be classified as hyper pigmentation. Many things can cause hyper pigmentation, such as sun exposure, hormonal issues, medication, acne, and aging.
Thankfully, there are many things you can do to fade areas of hyper pigmentation. Most treatments promote an overall smoother and more even skin tone. When my clients are consistent in their treatment regime they experience pleasing results. The steps I advise my clients to take depend on the severity of their hypergimentation condition. These steps include exfoliating the skin daily, treatment serums or creams that promote lightening of the skin, physical treatment such as Microdermabrasion, chemical treatment such as acid peels, and sun block. Some clients may need 1-2 steps and others may need all 5 steps.
In order to see pleasing results at home, exfoliate your skin on a daily basis with a light scrub after cleansing your face. Apply serums or creams that contain hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid. Hydroxy acids encourage skin cell regeneration, thereby helping to lighten areas of hyper pigmentation. Products containing Vitamin A also aid with cell turnover resulting in fresher looking skin. Or use lightening creams or serums that contain hydroquinone or kojic acid. Products containing these ingredients will fade the areas of hyper pigmentation until they blend with surrounding skin. In a professional setting I perform numerous treatments on my clients to help reduce their hyper pigmentation and even out their skin tone. I have gotten the best results from chemical peels and microdremabrasion. The chemical peels I use will superficially burn away the top layers of your skin, revealing lighter skin below. With repeated peels, your skin will be more even-toned and your hyper pigmentation less noticeable. Microdermabrasion buffs away the top layers of your skin via a small devise that replicates a sandblaster. Once your skin heals, it looks more even in tone. When using a super-charge combo of microdermabrasion and a chemical peel the results are even, clear, and smooth skin within one treatment. At The Brow and Skin Studio this super-charged combo is referred to as The OC Glow Treatment and is an essential for our clients.
Then make sure to apply sunscreen on every day before leaving your home. As you undergo treatment for hyper pigmentation, your skin will become sensitive to the sun. If exposed to the sun, the areas of hyper pigmentation may simply darken again. Always wear sunscreen when you are outside that protects against both UVA and UVB rays.
So, remember to exfoliate, treat, and protect at home. And don’t forget your weekly or monthly chemical peel or microdermabrasion (depending on severity of the condition) in a professional setting. I recommend Age Limit by Ultra-Dermacine (contains Glycolic Acid) a must have for anyone wanting even, fresh looking skin. At The Brow and Skin Studio with Apothecary I recommend any PCA Jessner or TCA Peel’s and of course a SPF 30 or higher.